Missionary By Nature

By Roberto Bacalski, Program and Development Coordinator

"The pilgrim Church is missionary by her very nature, since it is from the mission of the Son and the mission of the Holy Spirit that she draws her origin, in accordance with the decree of God the Father." ~ Ad Gentes 2 (Read the full document here)

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Ad Gentes tells us that the Church, (i.e., us) is missionary by nature.  We can come up with a thousand reasons why mission work is necessary and justified, but the above sentence, from Ad Gentes Chapter 1, expresses very accurately why many of us are driven to do it. It's our nature.

We know that it is necessary to eat because our bodies use the nutrients from various foods to perform the basic functions of life. We know from biology why it is necessary to eat, but even we never had one day of study of biology or science of any kind, we would still eat when we are hungry simply because it is our nature. In that sense, Ad Gentes is not a restatement of Jesus' mandate to the Apostles to go out and baptize all nations, (Matt. 28:19).  It is instead, an examination of why we feel compelled to carry out His mandate. God's first missionaries were the second and third persons of the Trinity, the Son and the Holy Spirit. As we are created in God's image, we inherit the impulse spread the love that God breathed into us and that He, by His very nature, is moved to share.

Since the expulsion from Eden and the dispersion of Babel, human beings have sought to reconnect to that perfect community we had with God and with each other in the Garden of Eden. Ad Gentes goes on to tell us that "...it pleased God to call men to share His life, not just singly, apart from any mutual bond, but rather to mold them into a people in which His sons, once scattered abroad might be gathered together." (Ad Gentes, 2). To help us do that he intervened in human history "sending His son, clothed in our flesh, in order that through Him He might snatch men from the power of darkness..." (Ad Gentes 3). In other words, Jesus was sent down to get the mission ball rolling! Part and parcel of all the acts of charity we are to perform, the prayers and praises we are to sing, and the holy days we are to observe is the consistent pursuit of community with each other through Christ. That is why we do mission.  

Why We Do It

By Roberto Bacalski, Program and Development Coordinator
 Mission Baptism/Photo by Shana Siler

The Diocese of Arlington has been present in Bánica since 1991. If you were to ask anyone who has ever visited the Bánica Mission why they think we are there, you will probably get various answers on the same theme: "Christ told us to help the poor." "We are fulfilling Christ's missionary mandate to baptize all nations." In other words, Jesus told us to help the poor and to spread His Gospel. These two principles form the bedrock of everything we do in the missions. But there is a more specific reason why we are there at this moment in history. The bishops of the world reiterated those twin mandates of helping the poor and spreading the Gospel in a document known as Ad Gentes ('To the Nations').

Ad Gentes was the last document to be promulgated by the Second Vatican Council on December 7, 1965. It is also known by its official title, "Decree on the Church's Missionary Activity." In this document is the Church's foundational word on missionary work in the modern era. It was followed in 1975 by the Apostolic Exhortation of Pope Paul VI, Evangelii Nuntiandi, ('On Evangelization in the Modern World'), and the 1990 Encyclical by Pope John Paul II, Redemptoris Missio, ('Mission of the Redeemer'). Starting next week we will be posting a series of reflections on this seminal series of documents delving deeper into their meaning for Bánica and the greater mission world. The full texts of the documents can be found at the links below. I hope you will join us on this spiritual journey into the roots of modern missionary activity.

Ad Gentes

Evangelii Nuntiandi

Redemptoris Missio

The first reflection will be posted on Monday, June 18 with new reflections over the following weeks. Thank you for being our Partners in Mission!

Photo by Shana Siler

Giving and Receiving in the Missions

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What are the only words we have from Jesus that are not recorded in the Gospels?  I mean words that He spoke while on earth (the Book of Revelation has plenty of words of Jesus from heaven).  "It is more blessed to give than to receive."  These words, which Saint Paul tells us the Lord Jesus said, have lately been, as it were, ringing in my ears. 

We know that our own American culture of excessive consumption and consumerism makes it hard to grasp this truth.  Yet how many of our youth and adults who go come on a mission trip are "transformed by the renewal of their minds" so as to powerfully experience the truth of just how much more blessed it is to give than to receive. 

The prevailing culture here in the Dominican Republic in its own way also makes it hard to know the truth of Christ´s words on giving and receiving and thus to be set free by that truth.  Certainly, this is due in part to a creeping consumerism that can make itself felt here even in the midst of relative poverty.  But a greater reason would seem to lie in an attitude of excessive dependancy, which the Bishop and local church here have identified as a central problem.

On the one hand, putting myself in the shoes of my neighbor, I realize that genuine neediness makes it only natural to focus on what one can receive.  It is in a certain sense easy for me to focus on giving when my own wants and needs are so well provided for.  At the same time, the real neediness is sometimes exacerbated by a tendency to be closed in on oneself and one´s needs.

As for how to shift the focus of parishioners from receiving to giving, a powerful help surely lies in enabling them to have a mission-type of experience.  I have already seen how the young people of the town of Pedro Santana love to go on mission to the poorer, outlying areas.  Certainly this is in large part due to their desire to have a fun outing, just like Americans often go on mission trips with similar motives.  But then God´s grace takes things in a different direction.  Anyhow, I hope in the near future to facilitate more mission-trip experiences.  At some point in the future, I would love to have a mission trip for Dominicans to Haiti, where I know they would be moved by the needs of their poorer brethren.  All in God´s time, but in the meantime, I ask your prayers for this special mission intention--that those in the mission here can have more and better opportunities to experience the transforming joy of mission themselves, to taste and see the blessedness of giving.

The Many Missions of Pedro Santana

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Greetings to all on a relatively quiet day here at the parish church of Saint Joseph in Pedro Santana. Some of our parishioners here in town are being shuttled to a temporary dental clinic staffed by volunteers from Wisconsin just across the border in Haiti. Another operative, this one from New Hampshire and Massachusetts, is coming down from the mountains this morning after six days providing medical care and construction or repair of aqueducts for some of our poorest communities. About to take their place is another medical and engineering operative, some forty in all, who will head to the hills midday tomorrow. Then I will be hosting a group of students from Christendom College who will spend their spring break helping build a chapel for one of our communities and laying down a playground at our school in the mountains, San José Joca, named for Saint Joseph and the River Joca that runs nearby. It is beautiful to see the spirit of charity that animates these laborers in the vineyard. I confess it is also refreshing to have some English interlocutors in my congregation if only for a few days!
Even more importantly, I want to reflect on the spiritual conditions, particularly as last month saw the beginning of my first Lent in the Bánica Mission. As Bishop José Grullon told me, here in the border region there is a continuous cycle of dying and raising up again. Much of the population is transient and especially the young people are apt to be here one day and gone the next, often seeking further studies or work in one of the big cities of Santo Domingo or Santiago, so there is a need for invincible patience in cultivating the Catholic and apostolic spirit. In January, we were blessed with the presence of two Argentine lay missionaries who started the Legion of Mary in Bánica, Sabana Cruz and Pedro Santana. Both Father Jason and myself have a good bit of personal knowledge and experience with the Legion but finding disciples of Christ who are ready to become committed lay apostles, while never easy, seems even harder here.
There is also an acute need for catechesis, most critically for the adult population, as the few catechists are mostly youth or even adolescents. Moreover, there is a widespread disuse of the Sacraments, in many cases ever since receiving Baptism as a child or infant. Certainly a great sign of hope was the pastoral visit that Bishop Grullón made last month, resulting in exactly 72 Confirmations in our parish communities, just like the 72 disciples that Jesus sent out on mission in the Gospel! The national theme for this year, With the Eucharist, Font of Communion, We Give Impulse to the Mission, gives encouragement for remedying estrangement from the Eucharist in particular. I also have some hope that advising people of their Easter duty to receive Communion will prompt a number to approach the Sacraments of Penance and Eucharist in these days. Of course, in many cases an obstacle to receiving Communion is the existence of a conjugal union not blessed by the Church, but here too there is hope in the serious interest in receiving the Sacrament that has been recently shown by a half dozen couples. Besides the foregoing intentions, I ask your prayers especially for the catechumens, both youth and adults, who are preparing to receive Baptism in Eastertide. Here as elsewhere, the restored catechumenate is a sign of the times and a great, hidden source of new vigor and dynamism for the Church.